International Building Lime Symposium
Orlando, FL
March 9-11, 2005

Lime:  The What, Why, and How

Why is Type S Hydrated Lime Special?

Margaret L. Thomson


Weaker Can Be Better: Learning from the Past Contributes to Sustainable Construction with Lime

K. Van Balen


Building Lime -- Setting the Standard (ASTM & Other Standards Comparisons)

Michael J. Tate


Grouting Masonry Using Portland Cement-Lime Mortars

David T. Biggs


The Effects of Air-Entrained Lime on Cement-Lime Mortars

W. Mark McGinley


Role of Lime in the Preservation Movement

Lime and Its Place in the 21st Century: Combining Tradition, Innovation, and Science in Building Preservation

Lauren B. Sickels-Taves & Philip D. Allsopp


“Past and Present Use of Lime as a Binder in Masonry and Pointing Mortar”
A Publication by the Dutch Monument Service within a Dutch-Flemish Collaboration

K. Van Balen


Lime Mortars: Two Recent Case Studies

Joshua Freedland  &
Edward A. Gerns


Hydrated Lime as an Ingredient in Historic Restoration Materials

M. P. Edison


Production of Building Lime

Small Scale Traditional Lime Binder & Mortar Production for Conservation of Historic Masonry Buildings

John Hughes et al.


Critical Review of Techniques Used for Assessment of Carbonation in Lime Mortars

R.M.H. Lawrence


Standardized Laboratory Apparatus for Measuring Emley Baseplate Rate of Absorption

R.J. Godbey &
M.L. Thomson


Lime in Construction: Lime Based Masonry Units, Grouts, & Soil Stabilization

Autoclaved Aerated Concrete:  A Lime-Based Technology

Ronald E. Barnett


Mechanical Properties of Lime-Based Masonry Blocks in Europe

Gero A. Marzahn


Lime – A Sustainable “Green” Building Product

Wayne Kenefick &
Michael J. Tate


Uses of Lime in Mexican Public Housing: Bricks, Mortar, Plaster, Paint, & Soils

A. Vázquez et al.


Lime Applications for Site & Infrastructure Construction

Eric A. Berger


Dispersed Hydrated Lime Injection Putty in Conservation of Monuments & Historic Structures

P. Miller et al.


Mortar Applications

Listen to the Mason: Portland Cement-Lime Type N Mortar (1:1:6) Provides the Necessary Workability & Strength

Rick Gunn


The Most Important Property of Cement-Lime Mortar in Masonry Applications is….

Michael J. Tate


Lime & Pozzolans

Lime Pozzolan Binders: An Alternative to OPC?

B. Middendorf et al


Hydration of Binding Systems in Lime-Based Mortars for Repairing Historical Structures

I. Papayianni &
St. Konopissi


Fines in Natural Sands as Pozzolanic Components Influence Interpretation of Acid-Soluble Silica Content of Historic Lime Mortars

B. Middendorf et al.


Lime-Pozzolan Masonry Mortar

A.L. Moncada &
R.J. Godbey


Pozzolanic Materials – Evolution of Mechanical Properties

Ana Luísa Velosa &
Maria do Rosário Veiga


Case Studies

Reviving New Orleans’ Oldest Cemetery: Preservation of St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 through the Re-Introduction of Traditional Materials

Dorothy S. Krotzer


Physico-Chemical Evolution of Lime Mortars from Tournai Belgium

G. Mertens et al.


Production & Use of Rosendale Cement, A Naturally Hydraulic Lime, in the U.S., 1800-1900

M.C. Martin & K. Uracius


Concrete Evidence:  Preliminary Assessment of Effects of Herbicides on Lime Concrete

R.M. Porter, Jr.


The Strange History of the English Lime Revival

Bruce Induni


Stucco & Plasters

3E Wall for All Climates;                  

Mark Bomberg et al.


Aspects of Salt & Moisture Transport in Restoration Renders (Plasters)

C. Groot et al.


Theoretical Considerations on Conservation Interventions

A. Elena Charola &
M.A. Henriques


Lime Coatings

Limewash-Compatible Coverings for Masonry & Stucco

P. Mold &
R.J. Godbey


Fresco Painting: The Dichotomy of Rigorous Craft & Spontaneous Expression

T. Lindsey


A Case Study in Intervention on Original Surfaces

Maria Margalha

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